Sectionalism In America Essay
From the start of American Union after the greatest revolution, American coalition struck itself on the disputes over regional favoritism which led to Civil War in a long run. On the inner level U.S. had divided itself on three major regions: West, South and North. Each of those regions had its own principal upon which its support was based. This apparent transition from a National Union to the division was based on the early birth of sectionalism starting from 1820's over large issues associated with growing expansion of the country. Major disputes between each region were craving over slavery, states rights, tariffs and national improvements which ultimately led to development of sectional interest in early 1820's.
The first and the far largest cause of sectionalism evolvement was slavery. Slavery was a dispute between Northern and Southern states from the beginning of the American Union. From the start the questions were plunging over difference of viewpoint of Constitution. They led to development of compromises and later on the limits of the expansion of slavery. Slavery trade had to end in 1808 and presumably it had to die off as the importation of slave supply has blocked. On the other hand, slavery had become a very profitable institution with a development of cotton gin by Eli Whitney. This instrument increased the output of processing cotton by faster separation of seed from cotton. As the prices of cotton sky rocketed from 1815 to 1818, the increased demand of this material was associated with a high European demand after the War of 1812. As a result, the factors contributing to higher processing of cotton expanded the slavery to the new regions of U.S. because the output was increased which led to a higher profits associated with high prices of cotton. Along with expanding slavery the prices on slaves arose. Especially high were the prices on female slaves since they could produce the slaves. The high demand for more slaves on plantation associated with need for work worse to produce cotton turned into the inter slave trade between the states. As the international slave trade was closed inter state slave trade nourished slavery which prevented the death of this institution. The unexpected happened which contradicted believes of founding fathers when slavery expanded to the new regions of U.S. Thomas Jefferson who was one of the founding fathers suggested that slavery was unjustifiable institution, but it couldn't be touched since self-preservation was laid in it (Doc D). Jefferson was...
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Nationalism and Sectionalism
- Length: 515 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
1. The three components of the American System were establishing a new protective tariff, starting a new transportation system and restoring the national bank. Henry Clay thought that each of these components would strengthen and unify the nation because he thought the American system would unite the nation’s economic resources because the south would grow food and raise animals that the north would eat and in return the south would by the manufactured goods the north made. A new transportation system would allow trade between the north and the south. Now America could finally become independent economically. And the tariff would help because during the War of 1812 British merchants brought a great deal of products to the United States and sold them at much lower prices than American made goods, so the tariff would raise the prices of the British goods so the American merchants could sell their products at a lower price.
2. Female workers in Lowell, MA can be compared to slaves in the south in many ways but they are also very different. The conditions that the women in Lowell and slaves had to live in were very unsanitary and unbearable. The woman even felt like slaves. They were constantly watched as were slaves and they were also forced to go to church. Unlike slaves they were paid, even though they were paid very little because they could do the work of a man but get paid less, they still got paid. They had choices of what jobs to do where slaves were assigned to certain jobs. The women got some free time and even a 30 minute lunch break while slaves had very little or no brakes at all.
3. While John Marshall was chief justice the Supreme Court promoted the idea of nationalism. In the Supreme Court case Gibbons vs. Ogden help make certain that the federal government had power on pretty much everything crossing any state lines. Another case also supported the national government over the state government, it was McCulloch vs. Maryland.
4. America’s foreign policy followed and promoted the idea of nationalism between 1825 and 1825 by making a treaty with Great Britain to trim down the number of military fleets at the Great Lakes. Also the Rush-Bagot Treaty made America and Canada remove all their troops from their shared border. John Adams also held the convention of 1818, which made a compromise with Britain to share the Oregon territory.
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Sectionalism Nationalism Transportation System Supreme Court Case Chief Justice Henry Clay John Marshall Federal Government
5. The crisis that led to the Missouri Compromise was when people started to move west, the settlers of Missouri want to join the Union. This was a big problem because of the big dilemma with slavery. Before this there were 10 Free states and 10 slave states. And with Missouri joining the north after Illinois, it would be totally unbalanced. The south became very upset so they started to say that the north wanted to totally abolish slavery. So congress made the Missouri Compromise which made Maine a Free State and Missouri a slave state so everything would be balanced and everyone would get along.