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Thai Foot Reflexology Descriptive Essay

*Gary offers different variations of Thai Reflexology. The initial session for all new clients is Traditional Foot Reflexology (1st option on the left) unless requested otherwise. EMAIL Gary with questions or to schedule an appointment.
**Thai Foot Massage/Reflexology is great for diabetics due to the increase of circulation and balancing of the liver, pancreas and pituitary glands that naturally occur during these sessions. Sessions can also be modified to treat a variety of imbalances and deficiencies, please Contact Gary with questions.
Thai Reflexology​: Thai Foot Massage
Traditional Thai
Foot Reflexology

- Performed from the knee down using compression, massage and reflexology techniques. Promotes deep relaxation with higher focus on chemical balancing through specific reflex point work.
Thai Foot 
- Performed from the knee down. Using massage, compression and reflexology techniques.  Less specific point work and more tissue manipulation through massage. Promotes deep relaxation.
Hands & Feet 
Reflexology Massage

- Performed from the Knee down and the Elbow down. This session is a mix between massage and Reflexology techniques for the hand and forearms and lower legs and feet. Promotes deep relaxation.
Benefits of Thai Reflexology

During a typical Thai Foot Massage session, Gary uses a variety of hands-on techniques including graceful two handed palm movements, stretches, circular massage movements and thumb pressure along with the use of a special Thai stick made out of teak for specific acupressure to stimulate organ reflex points on the soles of the feet. Clients leave the session feeling relaxed, balanced and invigorated.

Benefits Include:
  • Improved circulation in feet and legs
  • Stress reduction and relaxation
  • Improved mood and mental clarity
  • Natural Detoxification
  • Better and more sound sleep
  • Accelerated physical cleansing and healing
  • Increased flexibility of feet and joints
  • Reduced pain and stiffness
  • A welcome boost for the immune system
History of Thai Reflexology

Thai Foot Reflexology (Commonly referred to as Thai Foot Massage) is a relaxing yet invigorating treatment of the feet and lower legs that was greatly influenced by two of its closest neighbor's China and India and their reflexology systems that are 1000's of years old.

When the Thai's met Chinese reflexology they softened the technique making it more pleasurable with a wide variety of "sabaai" relaxing techniques to off set the "jep" deeper techniques of the Chinese approach. The result is a blend of Chinese Reflexology, Thai acupressure points and "Sen Line" work along with wonderfully stimulating and relaxing hand techniques.

Similar to the meridians of Traditional Chinese Medicine that carry the Qi or Chi energy, the Thai Medicine "energy lines" know as Sen run though out the entire body with specific points ending at the feet and hands. The obstruction of this flow of energy is the root cause of discomfort or illness in a person and the techniques of Thai Foot Massage stimulate and open these channels.

Thai Foot Massage was originally practiced in the Thai Wats (temples) by Buddhist Monks but today is available almost everywhere in Thailand and is now available in Cincinnati through Gary.

Reflexology, also known as zone therapy, is an alternative medicine involving application of pressure to the feet and hands with specific thumb, finger, and hand techniques without the use of oil or lotion. It is based on a pseudoscientific[1] system of zones and reflex areas that purportedly reflect an image of the body on the feet and hands, with the premise that such work effects a physical change to the body.[2]

There is no convincing evidence that reflexology is effective for any medical condition.[3]


The Cochrane Collaboration defines reflexology as follows: "Reflexology is gentle manipulation or pressing on certain parts of the foot to produce an effect elsewhere in the body."[4]

Medical uses[edit]

Reviews from 2009 and 2011 have not found evidence sufficient to support the use of reflexology for any medical condition.[3][5] A 2009 systematic review of randomized controlled trials concludes: "The best evidence available to date does not demonstrate convincingly that reflexology is an effective treatment for any medical condition."[3]

In 2015 the Australian Government's Department of Health published the results of a review of alternative therapies that sought to determine if any were suitable for being covered by health insurance; reflexology was one of 17 therapies evaluated for which no clear evidence of effectiveness was found.[6]


There is no consensus among reflexologists on how reflexology is supposed to work; a unifying theme is the idea that areas on the foot correspond to areas of the body, and that by manipulating these one can improve health through one's qi.[7] Reflexologists divide the body into ten equal vertical zones, five on the right and five on the left.[8] Concerns have been raised by medical professionals that treating potentially serious illnesses with reflexology, which has no proven efficacy, could delay the seeking of appropriate medical treatment.[9]

Reflexologists posit that the blockage of an energy field, invisible life force, or Qi, can prevent healing. Another tenet of reflexology is the belief that practitioners can relieve stress and pain in other parts of the body through the manipulation of the feet. One claimed explanation is that the pressure received in the feet may send signals that 'balance' the nervous system or release chemicals such as endorphins that reduce stress and pain. These hypotheses are rejected by the medical community, who cite a lack of scientific evidence and the well-tested germ theory of disease.[8]

Reflexology's claim to manipulate energy (Qi) is unsupported by science; there is no scientific evidence for the existence of life energy (Qi), 'energy balance', 'crystalline structures,' or 'pathways' in the body.[1]

In Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial, Simon Singh states that if indeed the hands and feet "reflect" the internal organs, reflexology might be expected to explain how such "reflection" was derived from the process of Darwinian natural selection; but Singh says that no argument or evidence has been adduced.[10]


In the United Kingdom, reflexology is coordinated on a voluntary basis by the Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council (CNHC). Registrants are required to meet Standards of Proficiency outlined by Profession Specific Boards,[11] as CNHC is voluntary anyone practising can describe themselves as reflexologists. When the CNHC began admitting reflexologists, a skeptic searched for and found 14 of them claiming efficacy on illnesses. Once pointed out, the CNHC had the claims retracted as it conflicted with the UK's Advertising Standards Authority code.[12]

Reflexology is one of the most used alternative therapies in Denmark. A national survey from 2005 showed that 21.4% of the Danish population had used reflexology at some point in life and 6.1% had used reflexology within the previous year.[13] A study from Norway showed that 5.6% of the Norwegian population in 2007 had used reflexology within the last 12 months.[14]


Practices resembling reflexology may have existed in previous historical periods. Similar practices have been documented in the histories of China and Egypt.[8] Reflexology was introduced to the United States in 1913 by William H. Fitzgerald, M.D. (1872–1942), an ear, nose, and throat specialist, and Edwin F. Bowers. Fitzgerald claimed that applying pressure had an anesthetic effect on other areas of the body.[15][16] It was modified in the 1930s and 1940s by Eunice D. Ingham (1889–1974), a nurse and physiotherapist.[17][18] Ingham claimed that the feet and hands were especially sensitive, and mapped the entire body into "reflexes" on the feet, renaming "zone therapy" reflexology.[19] "Modern reflexologists use Ingham's methods, or similar techniques developed by the reflexologist Laura Norman."[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ abBarrett, Stephen (2004-09-25). "Reflexology: A close look". Quackwatch. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  2. ^Kunz, Kevin; Kunz, Barbara (1993). The Complete Guide to Foot Reflexology. Reflexology Research Project. 
  3. ^ abcErnst E (2009). "Is reflexology an effective intervention? A systematic review of randomised controlled trials". Med J Aust. 191 (5): 263–6. PMID 19740047. 
  4. ^"Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for managing pain in labour". Cochrane Collaboration. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  5. ^Ernst, E; Posadzki, P; Lee, MS (Feb 2011). "Reflexology: an update of a systematic review of randomised clinical trials". Maturitas. 68 (2): 116–20. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2010.10.011. PMID 21111551. 
  6. ^Baggoley C (2015). "Review of the Australian Government Rebate on Natural Therapies for Private Health Insurance"(PDF). Australian Government – Department of Health. Lay summary – Gavura, S. Australian review finds no benefit to 17 natural therapies. Science-Based Medicine. (19 November 2015). 
  7. ^Norman, Laura; Thomas Cowan (1989). The Reflexology Handbook, A Complete Guide. Piatkus. pp. 22, 23. ISBN 0-86188-912-6. 
  8. ^ abcd"Reflexology". Aetna IntelliHealth. May 6, 2008. Archived from the original on 2012-02-21. Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  9. ^"Reflexology". National Council Against Health Fraud. 1996. Retrieved 2007-01-27. 
  10. ^Singh, Simon; Ernst, Edzard (2008). Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial. Transworld. ISBN 978-0-593-06129-9.
  11. ^CNHC - Policies
  12. ^CNHC Wishes to Thank Simon Perry,, Friday, 27 November 2009
  13. ^Reflexology in Denmark text from Knowledge and Research Center for Alternative Medicine a Danish governmental institution
  14. ^Nifab-undersøgelsen in Norwegean only
  15. ^Norman, Laura; Thomas Cowan (1989). The Reflexology Handbook, A Complete Guide. Piatkus. p. 17. ISBN 0-86188-912-6. 
  16. ^Fitzgerald, William H.; Bowers, Edwin F. (1917) Zone therapy; or, Relieving pain at home. Columbus, Ohio: I. W. Long, Publisher (California Digital Library) Accessed Jan. 2015
  17. ^Benjamin, Patricia (1989). "Eunice D. Ingham and the development of foot reflexology in the U.S". American Massage Therapy Journal. 
  18. ^" Presents History of Massage, Therapies & Rules"(pdf). Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  19. ^ - Reflexology

External links[edit]

An example of a reflexology chart, demonstrating the areas of the feet that practitioners believe correspond with organs in the "zones" of the body.
An example of a reflexology chart of the Hand, demonstrating the areas of the hand that practitioners believe correspond with organs in the "zones" of the body.