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Transcendentalism Emerson Essay On Self

Emerson's very influential version of transcendentalism was based on the idea that each individual was not only created in the image of God, but was created equally and in a unique way. Humans are the manifestations of God's will on Earth, and the best way to express this is to behave according to one's true individual will.

While there are certain norms that are so widely accepted as to be obvious, Emerson's famous saying "Trust...

Emerson's very influential version of transcendentalism was based on the idea that each individual was not only created in the image of God, but was created equally and in a unique way. Humans are the manifestations of God's will on Earth, and the best way to express this is to behave according to one's true individual will.

While there are certain norms that are so widely accepted as to be obvious, Emerson's famous saying "Trust thyself" is a better guide to human behavior than lawbooks, scriptural passages, or the judgement of others. Emerson's view of individuality is perhaps best expressed in his view of "genius," which he says ts to "believe your own thought, to believe that what is true for you in your private heart is true for all men." Emerson is specifically writing against a culture of conformity whose guiding principle was "sensibility." He claimed that rather than allowing society to govern one's behavior, the genius would dictate to the world through his own example what true morality and genius was.

Aside from liberating American writers and artists from the burden of copying European styles and forms, this line of thinking could also be applied to the moral issues of one's day, including the slavery question. For this reason, many transcendentalists, including Emerson himself, became abolitionists, some very active.

In his book titled Essays, “Self-Reliance” follows “History” so that a balanced and self-contained unit can be created out of these two. Abounding with short aphorisms, the essay begins with an admonition to believe in the true self, which is considered in essence identical with the Universal Spirit: “Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string.” Emerson then holds infancy, which is favorably contrasted with adulthood, as a model for one to follow in the cultivation of a spirit of independence or nonconformity. His metaphorical use of a babe as a model of nonconformity is a radical twist of Christ’s elevation of it as an emblem of total dependence on God.

As does Wordsworth, Emerson regards a person’s growth normally as a process of losing one’s moral sentiment or spirit of nonconformity. Society is considered to have an adverse effect on the growth of each individual’s independent spirit, whereas solitude may contribute to it. Senseless philanthropy, which encourages dependence on outside help, is thus also thought to be detrimental. When Emerson states that one should live by one’s instinct, whether or not it be from the devil, he is attempting to use exaggeration to shock his audience; his idea is that the inherent moral sentiment, which makes one self-sufficient, cannot come from the devil. Total trust in one’s emotions may well result in contradiction when one’s emotions change, however; noting this, Emerson simply retorts that life itself is an organic process, inevitably involving contradiction. Acting in accordance with true feeling, he believes, will automatically bring about a sound life.

Viewed in light of self, history is thus the biography of a few unusually powerful figures. Having emphasized the importance of nonconformity, he begins to explore the philosophical basis for self-reliance. According to Emerson, there is an instinct or intuition in each individual drawing upon the Universal Spirit as the ever-dependable guiding principle. Because of the identification of intuition with the Universal Spirit, one is simply following its command when one acts in accordance with one’s intuition. The presence of the self-sufficing and self-contained Universal Spirit in each individual thus justifies one’s living in and for the present without having to refer either to the past or to the future.

Whereas Christ alone has traditionally been regarded as the Word made flesh, Emerson regards every human potentially as a reincarnation of the Word. Consequently, regret of the past and prayer for the future as a means to effect private ends are both diseases of human will and should be avoided. Traveling with the hope to see something greater than the self, in Emerson’s view, would simply be senseless. As a result of this moralistic view, society, like nature, may change but never advance. Typical of his conclusions, the end of this essay, which repeats the theme of self-reliance and predicts the subjugation of Chance under human will based on self-reliance, sounds greatly optimistic.